Did you know that more people die from health problems in the developing world every year than from all the wars and natural disasters combined? This is a shocking statistic, but it is also a reality. Millions of people worldwide lack access to essential health care services, and as a result, they suffer and die from preventable illnesses and diseases. Pranay Reddy MD, an Internal Medicine resident physician practicing in Hatboro, PA, will look at some of the most pressing global health issues around the world. We will also discuss some of the possible solutions to these problems.
The Ebola Outbreak
The Ebola outbreak that began in 2014 was the deadliest in history. More than 11,000 people died from the virus, and it caused widespread panic and hysteria around the world. The outbreak began in Guinea and quickly spread to other countries in West Africa. In October 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the outbreak an international public health emergency.
The response to the Ebola outbreak was slow and inadequate, says Pranay Reddy MD. Many people died from the virus because they did not have access to proper medical treatment. In addition, the fear and hysteria that surrounded the outbreak caused many people to flee their homes and communities, which only made the situation worse.
Fortunately, in 2015, international aid organizations began to ramp up their efforts to combat the Ebola outbreak. As a result, the number of new cases began to decline sharply. By early 2016, the WHO declared that the Ebola outbreak had been contained. However, it is essential to note that there is still a risk of another outbreak occurring in the future.
Malaria in Africa
Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease that kills more than 600,000 people every year. More than 90% of these deaths occur in Africa. Malaria is caused by a parasite that is spread by mosquitoes. The parasites enter the body and infect the red blood cells. Symptoms of malaria include fever, chills, and vomiting.
Malaria can be treated with drugs, but it can be deadly if not appropriately treated. In addition, there is no vaccine for malaria yet. The best way to prevent malaria is to use mosquito nets and insect repellents and avoid being bitten by mosquitoes.
Polio in Pakistan
Polio is a crippling disease that affects the nervous system. Pranay Reddy MD says it is caused by a virus that spreads through contact with infected saliva or feces. Polio can be prevented with a vaccine, but the vaccine is not 100% effective. The best way to prevent polio is to ensure that all children are vaccinated.
Polio is still a significant problem in Pakistan. In 2016, there were more than 300 cases of polio reported in Pakistan. This is the highest number of cases reported in any country globally. The main reason for this high number of cases is the lack of access to vaccination services in Pakistan. Many people in rural areas do not have access to health care services, and as a result, they are unable to get vaccinated against polio.
Tuberculosis in India
Tuberculosis (TB) is a severe bacterial infection that affects the lungs. The bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis causes it. TB is spread through contact with infected saliva or mucus. It can also be applied when someone with TB coughs or sneezes.
TB is a significant problem in India. In 2016, there were more than 217,000 cases of TB reported in India. This is the highest number of cases reported in any country globally. The main reason for this high number of cases is India’s lack of access to treatment services. Many people in rural areas do not have access to health care services, and as a result, they are unable to get treated for TB.
Zika Virus in Latin America
The Zika virus is a virus that is spread by mosquitoes. It is most commonly spread through the bite of an infected Aedes mosquito. Zika virus is a significant problem in Latin America. In 2016, more than 180,000 cases of the Zika virus were reported in Latin America. This is the highest number of cases reported in any region globally.
The main reason for this high number of cases is the lack of access to prevention services in Latin America, says Pranay Reddy MD. Many people in rural areas do not have access to health care services. As a result, they cannot get vaccinated against the Zika virus or use insect repellent to protect themselves from mosquitoes.
Measles Outbreak in Europe
In 2017, there was a large measles outbreak in Europe. More than 41,000 people were infected with measles, and more than 37 people died. The main reason for this outbreak was the low vaccination rates in many countries in Europe. In some countries, such as Italy and Romania, less than 50% of children were vaccinated against measles.
The best way to prevent measles is to ensure that all children are vaccinated. However, many people in Europe are opposed to vaccines, and as a result, vaccination rates are low. This has led to a resurgence of measles in many countries in Europe.
Pranay Reddy MD says many different global health issues affect people worldwide. These issues include Ebola, malaria, polio, tuberculosis, Zika virus, and measles. The main reason for these problems is the lack of access to prevention and treatment services. However, there are many things that we can do to address these problems. We can ensure that all children are vaccinated against polio and measles. We can also ensure that people have access to health care services to get treated for diseases such as TB (tuberculosis) and Zika virus.